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Images of Lava Tubes
Lave tubes usually develop in basalt lava flows when a crust forms on the surface of the lava flow while the lava continues to flow underneath. They provide an insulated plumbing system that allows lava to flow for miles without cooling to any great extent. The world's longest lava tube, at 40 miles, comes off of Kilauea shield on the Big Island of Hawaii. One of the largest concentrations of lava tubes occurs in Lava Beds National Monument in northern California, with around 700 tubes on the north flank of Medicine Lake Highland.
An entire tube system on the Big Island of Hawai'i: lava is erupting from Pu'u O'o on the right side, and travels through tubes for seven miles to the ocean entry point on the far left. Steam and smoke rises from skylights (roof collapses) along the tube system
Images of Hawaiian Lava Tube Systems
Pu'u O'o cone and tubes Pu'u O'o cone and tube system Lava tube ocean entry Active lava tube system at Pu'u O'o Actively forming lava tube system
Active tube system at Pu'u O'o on the Big Island. Lava originates at the biggest steam plume. Another view of the Pu'u O'o cone and lava tube system at Kilauea. Ocean entry of lava tube system from Pu'u O'o Ocean entry of lava tube system from Pu'u O'o Active lava tube system at Pu'u O'o. Note smoke and steam rising from skylights Actively forming lava tube system at Pu'u O'o in June of 2008
Lava tube window Lava tube skylights Pu'u O'o lava tube system Thurston Lava tube, Hawaii Volcanoes Thurston Cave entrance Thurston Cave
Lava tube system at Pu'u O'o with skylight, June, 2008 Lava tube system and skylights at Pu'u O'o in June 2008 Lava tube system and skylights at Pu'u O'o in June 2008 Thurston Lava Tube in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park is developed for park visitors The entrance to Thurston Lava Tube is nearly hidden in the rainforest (except for the paved pathway) Thurston Lava Tube is lit and easy to walk through.
Lower end Thurston Cave Kaumana Cave near Hilo Kaumana Cave near Hilo Inside Kaumana Cave Kaumana Cave Sign for lava tubes
The lower end of Thurston cave is undeveloped, but can be be explored for several hundred feet Kaumana Cave near Hilo formed during an 1881-82 flow. It is developed as a state park The entrance to the upper Kaumana cave near Hilo. It looks a lot older than 130 years The tube can be explored for 3,000 feet Kaumana Cave, outside of Hilo, Hawaii Secret: This is how geologists find lava tubes...
           
Lava Tubes at Lava Beds National Monument:
Skull cave at Lava Beds National Monument Skull Cave at Lava Beds National Monument Descending into Skull Cave at Lava Beds Deeper in Skull cave Icicle in Skull Cave Icicles in Skull Cave
Skull Cave at Lava Beds National Monument, the highest and widest opening in the park Skull Cave at Lava Beds National Monument. The cave has a paved trail and is easily explored Descending into Skull Cave at Lava Beds. Note person for scale, lower center left Deep into Skull Cave, note collapse debris on cave floor. Icicle in Skull Cave. Cold winter air sinks into the cave in winter and never warms up Icicles in Skull Cave
Ice floor in Skull Cave Tickner Cave at Lava Beds Tickner Cave near Lava Beds National Monument Tickner Cave near Lava Beds National Monument Tickner Cave near Lava Beds National Monument Tickner Cave near Lava Beds National Monument
Ice floor in Skull Cave at Lava Beds. Some of this ice has been melting in recent years Tickner Cave near Lava Beds National Monument. Skylights and rolls visible Tickner Cave near Lava Beds National Monument. Skylights visible Tickner Cave near Lava Beds National Monument Entrance to Tickner Cave near Lava Beds National Monument Lava bridge in Tickner Cave near Lava Beds National Monument
Tickner Cave near Lava Beds National Monument Skylight in Tickner Cave near Lava Beds National Monument Heppe Cave opening Pool in Heppe Cave Pool in Heppe Cave
Tickner Cave near Lava Beds National Monument Skylight in Tickner Cave near Lava Beds National Monument Heppe Cave near source of Lava Beds lavas. This huge opening is on the master tube system Pool in Heppe Cave. Most water at Lava Beds sinks into the ground. This pool may be the only exposed water in the park Pool in Heppe Cave, 2007. The water may be blocked by ice. The pool was gone in 2009 Opening at Heppe Cave. Talus boulders are the size of cars
Entrance to Valentine Cave at Lava Beds Passage in Valentine cave Passage in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds with "bathtub rings" Passage in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds with "bathtub rings" Valentine Cave Valentine Cave
Entrance to Valentine Cave at Lava Beds National Monument Passage in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds with "bathtub rings" Passage in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds with "bathtub rings" Passage in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds Long exposure Passage in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds Passage in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds
Valentine Cave Passage in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds Passage in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds Lava drippings Passage in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds Passage in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds
Passage in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds Passage in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds with "bathtub rings" Passage in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds Lava drippings on wall of Valentine Cave Passage in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds Passage in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds
lavacicles lavacicles lavacicles Flow terrace
Lavacicles form as lava drips from the ceiling (or melts) Lavacicles Lavacicles Lavacicles Flow terraces in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds Flow terraces form as the lava starts to drain out of the tube
Ghosts in Valentine Cave Valentine Cave Lava Tube Lavacicles in Catacombs Cave Lavacicles in Catacombs Cave Lavacicles in Catacombs Cave Mushpot Cave
"Ghosts" in Valentine Cave at Lava Beds Valentine Cave passageway Lavacicles in Catacombs Cave Lavacicles in Catacombs Cave Lavacicles in Catacombs Cave at Lava Beds Mushpot Cave, the only lit cave in Lava Beds - it even has a small auditorium
Big Symbol Cave at Lava Beds National Monument Big Painted Cave at Lava Beds National Monument Big Painted Cave at Lava Beds National Monument Big Painted Cave at Lava Beds National Monument Big Painted Cave at Lava Beds National Monument Big Painted Cave at Lava Beds National Monument
Big Painted Cave at Lava Beds National Monument Big Painted Cave at Lava Beds. The cave is noted for ancient pictographs Pictographs in Big Painted Cave at Lava Beds National Monument Pictographs in Big Painted Cave at Lava Beds National Monument Pictographs in Big Painted Cave at Lava Beds National Monument Pictographs in Big Painted Cave at Lava Beds National Monument
Fern Cave at Lava Beds National Monument Fern Cave at Lava Beds National Monument Fern Cave at Lava Beds National Monument Fern Cave at Lava Beds National Monument Fern Cave at Lava Beds National Monument Entrance to Fern Cave at Lava Beds National Monument
Fern Cave at Lava Beds National Monument in northern California Entrance ladder at Fern Cave at Lava Beds National Monument Fern Cave at Lava Beds. The ferns are native to the southern Cascades, not this semiarid desert Fern Cave at Lava Beds. Vandals had nearly carried off all the ferns before the cave was protected Fern Cave at Lava Beds. There are pictographs in the cave and it has spiritual significance to the Modoc People Entrance gate at Fern Cave at Lava Beds National Monument
    Junction Cave at El Malpais National Monument Junction Cave at El Malpais National Monument Junction Cave at El Malpais National Monument Junction Cave at El Malpais National Monument
    Junction Cave at El Malpais National Monument, New Mexico Junction Cave is just a few hundred yards from the continental divide Junction Cave at El Malpais National Monument Junction Cave at El Malpais National Monument
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